religio


Esperanto

Etymology

From Latin religiō.

Pronunciation

    .mw-parser-output .k-player .k-attribution{visibility:hidden}Audio(file)
    IPA(key): [reliˈɡio]Rhymes: -ioHyphenation: re‧li‧gi‧o

Noun

religio (accusative singular religion, plural religioj, accusative plural religiojn)

religion

Derived terms

    religia religiulo

Ido

Alternative forms

    religyo (archaic)

Etymology

Borrowed from Esperanto religio, English religion, French religion, German Religion, Italian religione, Russian рели́гия (relígija) and Spanish religión, all ultimately from Latin religiō. The -n- in the source languages was omitted in order for religioza to match counterparts in natural languages.

Pronunciation

    IPA(key): /reˈliɡi̯o/ Hyphenation: re‧li‧gio

Noun

religio (plural religii)

religion

Derived terms

    religiala (religious (pertaining to religion)) religiema (religious, pious (of people, inclined to religion, with religious sentiment)) religioza (religious (of people))
      religiozeso (religiousness)
    religiano (believer in a religion; faithful, true believer)

Latin

Alternative forms

    relligiō

Etymology

Attested in classical Latin (1st century B.C.E.); perhaps from the unattested verb *religō (to observe, to venerate) +‎ -io, which could go back (via Proto-Italic *legō (to care)) to Proto-Indo-European *h₂leg-. Frequently used by Cicero, who alternatively linked the word with relegō. Afterwards, the word was linked (mainly by Christian authors) to religō and obligātiō.

Pronunciation

    (Classical) IPA(key): /reˈli.ɡi.oː/, [rɛˈlʲɪɡioː] (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /reˈli.d͡ʒi.o/, [reˈliːd͡ʒio] Audio (Classical)(file) Audio (Ecclesiastical)(file) Audio (Roman)(file)

Noun

religiō f (genitive religiōnis); third declension

scrupulousness, conscientious exactness piety, religious scruple, religious awe, superstition, strict religious observance scruples, conscientiousness (of religious objects) sanctity
    106 BCE – 43 BCE, Cicero, Against Verres 2.1.46:Est enim tanta apud eos eius fani religio atque antiquitas ut in eo loco ipsum Apollinem natum esse arbitrentur.The sanctity and antiquity of that temple is so great that they think Apollo himself was born in that place.
an object of worship, holy thing, holy place

Declension

Third-declension noun..mw-parser-output .inflection-table-la .corner-header,.mw-parser-output .inflection-table-la .number-header{background-color:#549EA0;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .inflection-table-la .case-header{background-color:#40E0D0;text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .inflection-table-la .form-cell{background-color:#F8F8FF;text-align:center}

Case Singular Plural Nominative religiō religiōnēs Genitive religiōnis religiōnum Dative religiōnī religiōnibus Accusative religiōnem religiōnēs Ablative religiōne religiōnibus Vocative religiō religiōnēs

Quotations

    1772-1778 Historia Ecclesiastica Islandiæ by Finnur Jónsson, chapter one (Google books) De introductione religionis Christianæ in Islandiam. Of the introduction of Christianity to Iceland.

Related terms

    religiōsus cuius regiō, eius religiō

Descendants

    Catalan: religió.mw-parser-output .desc-arr[title]{cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .desc-arr[title="uncertain"]{font-size:.7em;vertical-align:super} Esperanto: religio German: Religion f Italian: religione
    Old French: religion, religioun
      Middle English: religioun
        English: religionScots: releegion
      French: religionNorman: r'ligion Middle Dutch: religie
        Dutch: religie
          Indonesian: religi
    Polish: religia
      Russian: религия (religija)
        Kildin Sami: религия (rʹeligija)
    Portuguese: religião Romanian: religie f Serbo-Croatian: religija f Spanish: religión f

References

    religio”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press. “religio”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers religio in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887) religio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book‎[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
      one thing still makes me hesitate: unus mihi restat scrupulus (Ter. Andr. 5. 4. 37) (cf. too religio, sect. XI. 2)to honour the gods with all due ceremonial (very devoutly): deum rite (summa religione) colereritual; ceremonial: sacra, res divinae, religiones, caerimoniaeto inspire with religious feeling, with the fear of God: imbuere (vid. sect. VII. 7, note imbuere...) pectora religioneto fill the souls of one's audience with devotion: audientium animos religione perfundere (Liv. 10. 388)to banish devout sentiment from the minds of others: religionem ex animis extrahere (N. D. 1. 43. 121)to annihilate all religious feeling: omnem religionem tollere, delereto shake the foundations of religion: religionem labefactare (vid. sect. V. 7, note In Latin metaphor...)to have power over the people by trading on their religious scruples: religione obstrictos habere multitudinis animos (Liv. 6. 1. 10)to inspire some one with religious scruples: religionem alicui afferre, inicere, incutereto make a thing a matter of conscience, be scrupulous about a thing: aliquid religioni habere or in religionem vertereto make a thing a matter of conscience, be scrupulous about a thing: aliquid in religionem alicui venitabsence of scruples, unconscientiousness: nulla religioto embrace a strange religion: religionem externam suscipereto introduce a new religion, a new cult: novas religiones instituerea religious war: bellum pro religionibus susceptumto invoke an irrevocable curse on the profanation of sacred rites: violatas caerimonias inexpiabili religione sancire (Tusc. 1. 12. 27)to keep one's oath: iusiurandum (religionem) servare, conservare
    religio”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers

Polish

Pronunciation

    IPA(key): /rɛˈli.ɡjɔ/ Rhymes: -iɡjɔ Syllabification: re‧li‧gio

Noun

religio

vocative singular of religia